Published: Sat, June 09, 2018
Medical | By Garry George

Dr. Virginia Apgar revealed after being honoured in a Google Doodle

Dr. Virginia Apgar revealed after being honoured in a Google Doodle

She initially studied zoology, chemistry and physiology before attending Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Through her work she noticed that between the 1930s and 1950s, while the infant mortality rate in the U.S. was decreasing, the number of infants who lost their lives in the first 24 hours after their birth remained stable.

The Apgar score is a method to quickly determine the health and body functions of newborn babies. Apgar had an illustrious career, one that she used to bring down death rate for newborns. Google celebrates her 109 birthday and wants to make her story known everywhere on the internet.

She then trained at the nation's first department of anesthesia at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and interned at Bellevue Hospital in NY. Her father, Charles Apgar, an amateur radio operator who was known for making the earliest surviving recordings of a radio signal, was inducted in 2010.

Apgar was born on June 7, 1909 in Westfield, N.J., and died August 7, 1974.

Apgar graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in the U.S. with flying colours. She penned down as many as sixty scientific articles and researched a lot about teratology - the study of birth defects.

The scores are added up so that a newborn baby has a total between 0 and 10 and these totals would be reassessed as regularly as every five minutes over the first 24 hours of the child's life to monitor its health.

The techniques is still widely used in hospitals of United States.

Apger was born and raised in Westfield, New Jersey to a musical family.

As a young women pursuing a career in the medical field she overcame financial difficulties and discrimination to become a pioneering researcher and educator. On the scale of 0 to 10, a score of 7 and above are considered as normal scores, a score of 4 to 6 is considered fairly low and a score of 3 and below are considered critical.

In 1972, she co-wrote a book - "Is My Baby All Right?" - which was a guidebook for a woman to give birth to a healthy baby without any common birth defects. This five-step test has doctors examine the appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respiration of newborns.

Dr Virginia Apgar passed away at the age of 65 in 1974.

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