Published: Tue, March 13, 2018
Global Media | By Abel Hampton

SIPRI: Egypt's arms imports skyrocket amidst greater security threats

SIPRI: Egypt's arms imports skyrocket amidst greater security threats

Together, these five countries account for 74% of arms supplies around the world.

Russia, the world's second biggest exporter, saw a decrease of 7.1% in its overall volume of arms exports; USA exports were 58% higher than those of Russia.

The Middle East region accounted for 32 percent of global arms imports over the past five years, with Egypt and Saudi Arabia occupying the third and second positions, respectively, in the table of largest arms importers globally.

On the other hand, India was the largest importer of arms during the 2013-'17 period.

"Most countries in the Middle East were directly involved in violent conflict in 2013-17, and arms imports by states in the region increased by 103 percent between 2008-12 and 2013-17", it said.

The flow of arms increased to Asia, Oceania and the Middle East between 2008-12 and 2013-17, while there was a decrease in the flow to Africa, the Americas and Europe.

"This development is part of the growing strategic partnership between the two countries under which the US has begun to supply India with advanced military equipment", the report said. Pakistan accounted for 2.8 per cent of global arms imports in 2013-17. United States arms exports in 2013-17 were 58 per cent higher than those of Russia-the second largest arms exporter in that period.

In 2017 it delivered one patrol ship, the USS Morgenthau, to Vietnam - the first major United States arms transfer to that country.

The administration of US President Donald Trump has dubbed China as a "rival", and the latest SIPRI report shows how the US has used arms transfers as a foreign policy tool to offset Beijing's growing influence.

The sale from USA arms majors, too, reduced by 76% between 2013 and 2017 compared to the previous five-year period.

"Deliveries to Algeria and China, for example, continued throughout 2013-17 but were at lower levels than the previous five-year period", it added.

Weapons reportedly seized by Syria's armed forces during a military operation against ISIS in the eastern Syrian city of Deir Ezzor, on November 5.

"China is becoming increasingly capable of producing its own weapons and continues to strengthen its relations with Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar through arms supplies", said Siemon Wezeman, a senior researcher with the SIPRI arms and military expenditure programme.

According to SIPRI estimates, global arms deals have increased by 10% between 2013 and 2017.

Notably, Algeria accounted for 52 percent of all African imports over the last five years.

Similarly, Bangladesh which is listed as the 19th biggest importer of arms in the world, gets most of its weapons from China.

Weapons imports to the Middle East and Asia have boomed over the past five years, fueled by war and tensions in those regions, a new study showed on Monday. Deliveries of advanced combat aircraft from the U.S. will drive import volumes up during the next few years.

Setting a new trend, China has emerged as the number one arms supplier to Pakistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar, by supplying almost 70% of the arms used by the military in these three nations.

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