Published: Fri, November 03, 2017
Medical | By Garry George

Why Philippines slipped in WEF's gender gap ranking

At the top of the Global Gender Gap Index is Iceland which has closed almost 88 percent of its gap and it has been the world's most gender-equal country for nine years, said WEF.

The World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Index places India at the 108th position, which is much lesser than China and Bangladesh who were ranked 100 and 47, respectively. "A decade of slow but steady progress on improving parity between the sexes came to a halt in 2017, with the global gender gap widening for the first time since the WEF's Global Gender Gap Report was first published in 2006", the report said.

Looking at the individual pillars of the index, the report finds that in 2017, the 27 countries have now closed the gender gap in educational attainment, three more countries than a year ago.

More positively, the State maintains a fully closed gender gap on educational attainment from previous year, and also sees an increase in gender parity in the number of legislators, senior officials and managers, continuing a steady trend since 2013.

The WEF report estimates that the world's overall global gender gap could be fully closed in 100 years if current trends continue.

Switzerland has been ranked quite highly in the index for several years, having closed 74% of its economic gender gap and ranked 11th last year and 8th in 2015.

"There is a paid work gender gap and there is an unpaid gender gap, basically the fact that are lot more women are spending a lot more of their day on unpaid work like family responsibilities than men", Zahidi explains.

With organisations vying for gender parity, many countries have made considerable progress, understanding that talent is a critical factor for growth, according to a report.

The gap between Iceland and the second-placed country, Norway, widens as both Norway and third-placed Finland saw their gaps expand this year.

Further, it said, sectors like energy and mining, manufacturing and real estate show the highest change in the percentage of the female hiring rate in the last 10 years.

That was mostly due to improvements on its economic participation and opportunity score, where it moved up six places on the back of improved parity in income.

Finally, the distribution of care work also exacerbates gender gaps, according to the WEF index. The most challenging gaps are in economy and politics, according to the report. Four countries have crossed the 50-percent threshold, and 34 countries have closed less than 10 percent of the gap (five less than last year).

However, the education-specific gender gap could be reduced to parity within the next 13 years.

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