Published: Mon, October 03, 2016
Economy | By Melissa Porter

India set to ratify Paris climate change agreement at UN

It's part of an effort to push the Paris Agreement into force by the end of this year, making it harder for Donald Trump to renege on the accord if he becomes president.

The world is really perturbed with the menace of global warming and the landmark Paris climate change treaty will become a reality and the European Union move has taken up appropriate steps towards this end.

Bringing the Paris Agreement on climate change ever closer to its entry into force, India on Sunday joined the new global accord at the United Nations Headquarters in NY and became the 62nd country to deposit its legal instrument of ratification.

Terming it as a "bold and decisive" step, US Ambassador to India Richard Verma in New Delhi also lauded India's ratification of the Paris climate agreement.

The Paris Agreement is close to entering into force, after European Union (EU) Ministers approved to fast-track the ratification process at an Environment Council extraordinary meeting in Brussels today (30 September).

If countries such as India come on board in the coming days, as expected, the EU's imminent ratification could see the second condition fulfilled.

More than 170 world leaders have signed the deal, but it won't take effect until 55 countries, accounting for at least 55 percent of global emissions, have ratified or accepted it through their domestic procedures.

India also launched, with France, the International Solar Alliance, which will contribute to the realization of the objectives of the Paris agreement by facilitating access to solar energy.

Under the Paris Agreement reached in December 2015, 195 countries pledged to control greenhouse gas emissions to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius by 2100 from pre-industrial levels and to aim for 1.5 degrees C.

India, which accounts for 4.1 percent of global emissions and is the third largest carbon-emitting country, has not agreed to cap or cut its emissions outright like some.

China and the U.S. jointly ratifying the Paris climate change deal has given hope that the landmark accord may come into effect by the end of this year.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Cabinet had given its approval Wednesday to ratify the Paris agreement on October 2, coinciding with the birth anniversary of India's independence leader Mohandas Gandhi, who believed in a minimum carbon footprint.

European Union ratification is a key milestone, as the agreement only takes effect once at least 55 nations making up at least 55 percent of global carbon dioxide emissions ratify it.

Mr. Dave said that at the climate talks in Morocco in November, India would stress most on trying to operationalise the $100 billion corpus - called the Green Climate Fund - committed by developed countries to aid policy, projects and technology transfer as a buffer against the impact of climate change.

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